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Applications: Facade insulation in old buildings: Listed house near Nuremberg

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Kind of insulation: Facade insulation
Construction: System "Vakudämm" der Firma Schnös Trockenbau, Knetzgau
Contact: Hermann Schnös, Tel.: ++49-9527-200, Fax: ++49-9527-229
VIP product: WACKER CERAMICS, Kempten
Location: listed house near Nuremberg
Date of realization: November 2000
Funding: Bavarian State Ministry of Economics, Infrastructure, Transport and Technology

Description of the construction: At the gable side the eaves were very small. The Federal Department for Preservation of Historical Monuments ordered a limit of 6 cm for the thermal insulation. The facade had to be replastered. The 15 mm thick VIPs (0.5 x 0.5 m²) were mounted via a plastic rail and were covered with 35 mm polystyrene boards to apply the plaster. The U-value of the wall was improved from 0.6 - 0.75 W/(m²K) to 0.19 W/(m²K). The plastic rail simplified mounting the VIPs and the plastic rails caused hardly any thermal bridges. Even if the vacuum fails, the wall will be insulated because the thermal conductivity of the air-filled VIPs is only 0.02 W/(m·K) and the layer of polystyrene boards provides extra insulation. This patented system, called "Vakudämm", can also be used to insulate walls internally.

Figure 1: Gable during the installation. The shiny VIPs are already in the rail system. The pale pink polystyrene boards have just been mounted.
Figure 2: Cross-section of the insulated wall.
Figure 3: Infra-red image of the gable after insulation. The borders between the VIPs can be seen as lines (thermal bridges).

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